A while ago, I had a bug report for siunitx, which gives an infinite loop if used with htlatex. It has taken me a while to work out where the problem was, but it comes down to the use of active characters. I’ve given it some thought, and now have a solution that will work in the development version of siunitx. I’m currently reluctant to modify the release version to alter this behaviour, because it is quite a big change. If this is an issue for lots of people, I’ll revisit this, of course.

Hopefully, UTF-8 capable engines (XeTeX and LuaTeX) will mean that the general use of active characters can be avoided. There are a lot of pitfalls, and in general it seems to be much better to steer well clear unless absolutely necessary.